The majestic Titanic is known to many , mostly because of its dramatic sinking that went down in the books of history as one of the deadliest commercial peacetime maritime disasters but she stills holds the pride of being an icon for all that was great about the 20th century . The Titanic construction began in March 31 , 1909 at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast , Ireland . She was a White Star Liners project funded by American financier J . P Morgan and his International Mercantile Marine Co , after his discussion with the company's Chairman J . Bruce Ismay She was built to compete with the White Star Liners major rivals Cunard who had just launched Lusitania and the Mauretania which were the fastest moving passenger ships at the time . Ismay wisely preferred to invest in size and luxury as his competing tool instead of speed , thus the creation of the massive ship . She had two sisters though , the Olympic and the Britannic (initially called the Gigantic ) , the three meant to stand out as the largest and most luxurious and ship in the world , at the time of course.
Harland and Wolff were responsible for turning the designs by White Star Liners into a ship , which they obviously pulled successfully , given the authority to spend what it needed on the ships plus five percent profit margin . The Titanic was based on a revised version of the Olympic . The construction kicked off after approval by Ismay . She was 882 feet 9 inches (269.1m ) long , 92 feet 6 inches (28.2m ) wide and 175 feet (53.3m ) high (measured from top of the bridge to the keel base ) . She weighed over 46,328 gross register tons and with a 4 feet 7 inches draught , displaced 52,310 tons of water . Her maximum carrying capacity was the 3,547 people (including passengers and crew ) per travel and could accommodate a maximum of 65 life boats . She was most certainly a majestic beauty to behold . The Titanic was equipped with two reciprocating two cylinders , triple expansion steam engines and one low-pressure Parsons Turbine , which powered three propellers (one four-center and two three-blade wing propellers ) . A possible top speed of 23 knots (43 km/h ) was made possible by the 29 boilers fir by 159 coals burning furnaces . She had four 62 feet (19m ) funnel , only three of them were functional while the fourth was for ventilation purposes . It made the ship more impressive too ! She also had in her sixteen watertight compartments with automatic doors that closed in response to water level . If any two of the compartments were flooded or if the first four flooded , the ship would remain afloat . Speaking of which , researchers discovered that six of these compartments were flooded during the Titanic wreck . To expel gas , she was equipped with four funnels constructed off site ; one of which was only meant to give her a much powerful look . Leave it to the designers to even give a ship a monstrous look ! Designed to be an epitome of luxury and comfort , she was equipped with an on-board gymnasium , libraries , swimming pools , high-class restaurants and opulent cabins for the first-class accommodation . The total construction of the masterpiece cost an approximated $7.5 million , yeah that's $300 million in 2017 ! Quite a fortune I must say . The construction took slightly over two years and she took her maiden voyage in April 1912 at Southampton .